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How to take care older pets
25 June 2024
How to Take Care of Older Pets?
Here are more basic considerations when caring for older pets: Vaccinations: Your pet's vaccination needs may change with age. Talk to your veterinarian about a vaccination protocol that is appropriate for your geriatric pet. Mental health: Pets can show signs of senility.  Engaging them in interactive play helps keep their mental capacity sharp, just as in people.  Changes in behaviour, even subtle ones, can be a sign that your pet is experiencing cognitive dysfunction.  Make sure to discuss any concerns with your veterinarian.   Environmental Considerations: Older pets often need changes in their environment to help cope with changes in mobility.  For example, older cats may need to have their food bowls moved to the floor rather than the counter, and dogs may need to have their dog beds moved downstairs if they are having trouble climbing the stairs.    Dental Care: Dental health is a very important part of your pet’s overall health. Your pet’s teeth and gums should be checked at least once a year by your veterinarian to look for early signs of a problem and to keep your pet’s mouth healthy.   As your pet heads into their senior years, your relationship will continue to grow and mature.  With proper care and attention, your pet can have a good quality of life and enjoy sharing your life for more years.   If your pets are in an emergency or if you have general inquiries, please do not hesitate to contact Veterinary Emergency Centre (VEC).   General Hotline: 2334-2334 24-Hour Emergency Hotline: 6828-6620

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Parasite prevention for puppies
11 June 2024
Parasite Prevention for Puppies
There are many different parasites that can cause sickness in your puppy and it is important to start the prevention early. Common parasites include heartworm, intestinal worms and external dog parasites.   Heartworm prevention Heartworm disease is a serious disease that can cause severe lung disease and heart failure. The risk of puppies getting heartworm disease is equal to that of adult dogs. Puppies can be started on a heartworm preventive starting from 8 weeks of age. The dosage of a heartworm medication is based on body weight. There are different heartworm preventives that you can give to your puppy such as monthly chewable tablet, monthly spot-on product or a sustained-release injectable preventive that is available for dogs over 6 months of age. It is important to give heartworm prevention on time as a missed or late given medication can leave your puppy unprotected. Consult your veterinarian if a heartworm test is needed prior to starting heartworm prevention.   Intestinal parasites prevention Hookworms, tapeworms, roundworms and whipworms are the most common worms found in puppies. Worms can cause diarrhoea, anemia and weight loss. Puppies can be dewormed every 2 weeks until 3 months of age, starting at 2 weeks old. Then once a month from 3 to 6 months of age and repeat every 3 months after 6 months old for life.   Flea and tick prevention Fleas and ticks are very common in Hong Kong. They can cause a variety of conditions from skin disease, allergies and to severe anemias. It is important to use effective products that can control flea and tick infestation. Dogs that go to tick-infested areas are at higher risk. There are different products such as spray, spot-on and tick collar. Please consult your veterinarian for more information regarding which product is suitable for your pet.   If your pets are in an emergency or if you have general inquiries, please do not hesitate to contact Veterinary Emergency Centre (VEC).   General Hotline: 2334-2334 24-Hour Emergency Hotline: 6828-6620

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Dr. Holmes FB
28 May 2024
Foreign Body
Dogs and cats are known to eat objects not intended for ingestion. For example, socks, hair bands, toys and string. We call these "foreign bodies". When swallowed, a foreign body enters the stomach. It can stay here or it can start moving through the intestines where it may get stuck and cause an obstruction.    Symptoms:  You may have seen your pet ingest something but if you didn't there are symptoms to look out for. These include lip licking, drooling, vomiting, not eating, tummy pain and not passing faeces.    Diagnosis:  Examination: often there is pain in the tummy or sometimes an obstruction can be palpated.    X-rays: only certain objects such as stone or metal show up on x rays, some foreign bodies will not be seen on an x ray although there may be other clues such as the size and shape of the intestines which may indicate a blockage.    Ultrasound: this is also helpful and can show an obstruction in the intestines.    Treatment:  Induce vomiting: if the foreign body is still in the stomach and is small and soft, the pet can be made to vomit and hopefully bring the object back up. We can't do this in sharp or large objects in case it damages or gets stuck in the oesophagus (food pipe).    Endoscopic removal: this is performed under a general anaesthetic and is only for objects that are still in the stomach. A camera is placed into the stomach and an instrument used to pull out the foreign body. The shape and material of the foreign body may prevent a endoscopic removal being successful.    Surgery: this is performed under general anaesthetic and is for objects in the stomach that are unable to be removed endoscopically or objects that have already moved into the intestines. The abdomen is opened and the stomach or intestine is then opened to remove the object. If the object has been blocked in the intestine for some time, it can cause the guts to die around it, in these cases, some intestine may have to be removed.     How long will my pet need to stay in hospital?  The patient will be treated as a day patient if we can retrieve the foreign body by inducing vomiting or endoscope.    If surgery is required the pet will need to stay in hospital between 3-5 days.     ☎️ If your pets are in an emergency or if you have general inquiries, please do not hesitate to contact Veterinary Emergency Centre (VEC).  General Hotline: 2334-2334 24-Hour Emergency Hotline: 6828-6620 

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如何在家照顧心臟衰竭的寵物
14 May 2024
Home Care for Congested Heart Failure
Many owners will be worried and panic when they know their fluffy friends have congested heart failure (CHF).    Clinical signs of CHF include coughing, panting, breathing difficulty, weakness, or syncope....etc. It sounds terrible, right? But actually If we take care of the CHF animals properly, it could decrease the frequency of those terrified clinical signs recurring or deteriorating.    What should we do at home?    First, feeding medicines to CHF patients regularly. It’s important to know the CHF could be manageable although it is not curable. Feeding medicines on time could be a cornerstone to control CHF well. We sometimes see the owners not feeding medicines regularly, especially after a well-controlled period, because they usually get used to it and take it lightly. They may miss feeding meds once or twice initially, and then more often until they find the patients have difficulty breathing due to recurrent pulmonary edema or effusion.   Second, heart disease is a progressive disease which means clinical signs will recur even if controlling it with medications regularly. How could we know what’s going wrong with our patients? I will recommend a simple way to monitor it at home. And it is to count sleeping respiratory rate (SRR) at home. Owners could count respiratory rate by watching their animals’ chest. It moves in and out as the dogs and cats breathe. One breath is counted when the chest has moved in and out once. Normal sleeping respiratory rate should be less than 30-40 beats per minute. Be careful, it’s a “sleeping” respiratory rate and thus it should be counted when patients are asleep.    The respiratory rate will increase when patients are nervous, hot, or stressful, therefore, it would be inaccurate when the animals are awake. When you find your animals’ SRR has increased, the first thing to do is to count the breathing rate a few times over the next couple of hours to ensure it is a consistent finding. If the breathing rate is consistently increased, then you need to contact the vets or go to an emergency center as soon as possible.   Third, how about the water intake and which kind of food should I feed the CHF patients? The amount of water intake will not affect the severity of edema in CHF animals. Conversely, owner’s should offer enough water supply to CHF animals. The diuretics will increase the loading of kidney and the kidney parameters will sometimes elevate after long term treatments of diuretics.    The other annoying problem is a picky appetite (anorexia) for CHF patients. Anorexia will cause loss of energy and necessary protein, and wasting of muscle, finally result in cardiac cachexia.    Diet with high-digestible protein is good for CHF patients.   Finally, although CHF is not a curable disease, it could be manageable with the proper home care and regular rechecking with vets.    If the CHF could be controlled well, the life quality of ill animals will be the same as the healthy animals.   ☎️ If your pets are suspected or suffering from heart problems, please do not hesitate to contact Veterinary Emergency Centre (VEC) and book an appointment with Dr. David for further check-up.General Hotline: 2334-233424-Hour Emergency Hotline: 6828-6620

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Dr. David echo
23 April 2024
Using echocardiography in the diagnosis
Sound energy is a vibratory disturbance that moves forward in a wave through a substrate. Sound can travel well in air, solid and liquid mediums. If we yell in a valley, we will hear our voice comes back (echo) in a period. This is similar as how the work of an ultrasound machine. Body tissue just like air or other substrate will absorb some ultrasound energy. The ultrasound machine sends sound waves to a body, and different body tissue reflects different amount of the wave back to the machine, then the computer can calculate and generate the images.   The vets can diagnose the disease by these datas. Why we called the sound waves “ultrasound” is because they can’t be heard by human ears.   Echocardiography can help us to see the structure of a heart and also the beating of the heart. It’s a non-invasive diagnostic tool and useful to know how the condition and function of the heart in a real time. In the same time, we can use echocardiogram to measure the heart and check the direction and velocity of blood flow in a vessel. The trans-thoracic echocardiography also can detect any effusion or fluid inside the chest or lung. Echocardiogram shows vets what kind of the heart disease and how severe it is. In addition, it provides a quantitative data to help us to decide if the patient needs treatment and is also helpful for a periodical monitoring.   Echocardiography is a crucial test in the diagnosis of the heart disease, but it’s not the only one. We can not preform echocardiography in some circumstances, for example, a patient with severe pulmonary edema caused by congestive heart failure. This will not allow the patient lie down and keep still for about 10 minutes. Therefore, echocardiography will not be a priority choice. Vets should try to stabilize the patient and make a temporary diagnosis and treatment plan relied on physical exam, auscultation, or chest x-ray. Performing echocardiography until the condition of the patient becomes more stable is much safer.   Echocardiography has its limitation. Because it is a two-dimensional viewing but the structure of a heart is in a three-dimensional world. Alternatively, we may miss something wrong in a particular view sometimes. In addition, finding a problem of the heart should rely on the result of different tests, like auscultation, physical examination, x-ray, ECG, and echocardiogram … etc.   Fasting is not necessary for the animals who will need echocardiography except they need to be sedated as the excitement or aggression.   ☎️ If your pets are in an emergency or if you have general inquiries, please do not hesitate to contact Veterinary Emergency Centre (VEC).General Hotline: 2334-233424-Hour Emergency Hotline: 6828-6620

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Dr. David oxygen cage
9 April 2024
Oxygen Therapy in the Animals
Would all animals with heart disease have coughing, panting, or even breathing difficulty? I will say it depends on what kind of heart disease and how severe it is. First of all, we should understand heart disease is not equal to the congested heart failure. Heart disease means some problem happens in a heart but it maybe or maybe not severe to cause congested heart failure.   Congested heart failure results in the retention of overfull fluid inside the body (especially in the lung and chest), and this causes patients becoming rapid and difficult breathing. Oxygen therapy is a treatment to provide patients with extra oxygen to breathe in, and It is used to stabilize the dyspneic animals.   There are many different methods to provide oxygen therapy. Flow-by oxygen and oxygen facemask are usually used when vets need to do some short-procedure (ie, placing IV catheter) and physical exam with a patient who has respiratory distress. They are less stressful to animals but not suitable for longer term usage (ie, hospitalization or home use).   Oxygen cage is an another efficient and convenient method of supplementing oxygen to small animal patients.   However, control of temperature, humidification, and ventilation is of paramount importance. More sophisticated and expensive models enable climate control and even have soda lime systems in place to prevent rebreathing of carbon dioxide.   An advantage of oxygen cages is the physical separation of the patient. This can be helpful in animals for which handling could worsen anxiety and respiratory distress. The disadvantage of this approach is that vets cannot check patients too often. The oxygen concentration would drop very rapidly when the cage door is opened. This also limits the usefulness of this approach when frequent patient reassessment would be ideal.   For larger dogs, oxygen cages may be too confining to be comfortable. The placement of nasal oxygen lines could be more convenient.   Oxygen therapy is important in stabilizing animals with respiratory distress. But could sole oxygen therapy treat or even cure all heart disease? The answer is no and it depends on different condition.   For example, the dyspneic animal with pulmonary edema, providing pure oxygen is not enough. In this circumstance, the effect of diuretics is better than oxygen therapy. Removing overmuch fluid in the lungs by diuretics is more important than just supplementing pure oxygen.   The other scenario is animal with breathing difficulty and pulmonary edema due to pulmonary hypertension. Oxygen therapy is much better and important for these animal patients and sometimes lowering the pulmonary hypertension by oxygen could also decrease the severity of pulmonary edema which was caused by pulmonary hypertension.   ☎️ If your pets are in an emergency or if you have general inquiries, please do not hesitate to contact Veterinary Emergency Centre (VEC).General Hotline: 2334-233424-Hour Emergency Hotline: 6828-6620

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Dog Skin #8
5 January 2024
An Overview of Skin Problem in Dogs
Is your dog constantly scratching, experiencing redness of the skin, and even emitting some unusual odors? These could be signs that your dog is suffering from a skin disease. Canine skin diseases are common health issues. Understanding the common symptoms, types, causes, prevention, treatment, and dietary recommendations for dog skin diseases can help protect the health of our furry friends. We will provide a detailed introduction to the relevant knowledge of dog skin diseases to help dog owners better understand how to prevent and manage this issue.   Common Symptoms of Dog Skin Diseases   Dogs with skin diseases often exhibit the following common symptoms: Itching: Dogs will continuously scratch the affected areas of their skin with their teeth and claws to alleviate itchiness. This may manifest as repetitive scratching or rubbing against the floor and furniture. Skin redness or inflammation: When the skin is affected by a disease, it may become red, inflamed, and sometimes the skin can break or bleed due to intense scratching, leading to ulcers. Hair loss: Areas of a dog's skin affected by a skin disease may experience hair loss, with the hair becoming thin or falling out in certain areas. Unusual odor: Skin diseases in dogs can cause the emission of an unusual odor, which may be caused by bacteria or fungi adhering to the skin.   Common Types of Dog Skin Diseases   There are several types of canine skin diseases, including interdigital dermatitis, atopic dermatitis (allergic dermatitis), and seborrheic dermatitis. Here is a brief overview of these common dog skin diseases:   Interdigital Dermatitis: Interdigital dermatitis refers to inflammation and infection between a dog's toes. This condition is typically characterized by redness, swelling, pain, and itching in the interdigital area. Dogs may constantly scratch or bite the affected areas, and in some cases, interdigital dermatitis may be accompanied by skin bleeding and odor. Atopic Dermatitis: Atopic dermatitis is an allergic skin disease commonly seen in dogs with specific allergies to certain substances or environmental factors. Symptoms include redness, itching and ulcer formation. Dogs may constantly bite and scratch the affected areas, especially the abdomen, paws, ears, and face. The skin may show red patches, rashes, and eczema, and there may be hair loss and an unusual odor. Seborrheic Dermatitis: Seborrheic dermatitis is a common skin disease often caused by excessive sebum production or bacterial infection. The dog's skin may become greasy, flaky, and emit an odor. Symptoms also include skin redness and itching. In some cases, the dog's skin may become greasy, dull, and prone to matting. Folliculitis: Folliculitis refers to the infection and inflammation of hair follicles. This condition is commonly seen in hairy areas of dogs such as the back, neck, and buttocks. Dogs with folliculitis may experience skin redness and pain. Folliculitis can also lead to hair loss, shedding, and skin infections.   Causes of Dog Skin Diseases   Dog skin diseases can have various causes. Here are some common causes:   Parasite Bites: Skin diseases in dogs can be caused by bites from external parasites such as fleas, lice, or mites. These parasites can cause skin redness, itching, and inflammatory reactions. Dogs may continuously scratch the affected areas, further damaging the skin and even causing infections. Bacterial/Fungal Infections: Bacterial or fungal infections are also common causes of dog skin diseases. These microorganisms can enter the dog's skin, causing infection and inflammation. Common infections include Staphylococcus, fungi, and yeast. Infections typically cause skin redness, itching and odor. Overcleaning: Overcleaning can also contribute to skin problems in dogs. When owners excessively use bathing products to clean their dogs' skin, it may disrupt the natural balance and protective barrier of the skin, leading to dryness, sensitivity, and increased susceptibility to bacterial infections. Allergic reactions: Dogs may experience allergic reactions to certain substances in their environment, such as pollen, dust mites, food, or household cleaners. These allergic reactions can cause symptoms such as skin redness, swelling, itching, and scratching. Prevention of Dog Skin Diseases   To prevent dog skin diseases, the following measures can be taken:   Parasite control: Regular use of parasite control products can effectively prevent bites and infections from external parasites such as fleas, ticks, and mites, protecting dogs from infestations for a certain period. Environmental cleanliness: Regularly clean your dog's bedding, toys, and surrounding environment to reduce the growth of bacteria, mold, and parasites. Ensure that the dog's living environment is dry, well-ventilated, and free from moisture and unsanitary conditions. Bathing: Bathing can help remove dirt, bacteria, and allergens from the dog's skin surface, reducing the risk of infection and allergies. When bathing your dog, choose appropriate bathing products specifically made for dogs and avoid excessive cleaning and the use of harsh chemicals. Additionally, regular brushing can help remove dead skin cells, dandruff, and mats, promoting good blood circulation and hair health.   If your dog shows symptoms of a skin disease, it is important to consult a veterinarian as soon as possible. The veterinarian will perform an examination, diagnose the cause, and develop an appropriate treatment plan.  

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Dog Vaccinations
13 December 2023
Dog Vaccination: Schedule and Types
Getting a dog vaccinated is an important measure for their health protection. These vaccines help prevent various diseases and ensuring dogs can enjoy a healthy life.   Why Should My Dog Be Vaccinated? Newly born puppies have a weak immune system, but vaccinating them can strengthen their immune system by producing antibodies to fight against various diseases. Therefore, vaccinating your dog is a key measure to protect them from disease threats.   Types of Dog Vaccines and Preventable Diseases According to Hong Kong regulations, dogs are required to receive the rabies vaccine. In addition to the rabies vaccine, dogs also need to receive the "DHPPiL" vaccine, often referred to as the "five-in-one" vaccine.   Rabies Vaccine: Dogs and humans are both at risk of contracting rabies, which is a highly fatal disease. Vaccination effectively prevents dogs from getting infected with rabies, protecting both you and your dog's health. DHPPiL Vaccine ("Five-in-One" Vaccine): The DHPPiL vaccine effectively prevents five common dog diseases, including canine distemper, canine parvovirus enteritis, infectious canine hepatitis, canine influenza, and leptospirosis.   Vaccination Schedule for Dogs The timing and frequency of dog vaccinations vary depending on the vaccine type.   DHPPiL Vaccine Puppies should receive their first core vaccine shot at two months old, followed by boosters every month until they are four months old. Afterwards, revaccination is required annually. For adult dogs, the initial core vaccine shot is followed by a booster after one month. After these two shots, revaccination is necessary annually.   Rabies Vaccine Dogs should receive their first rabies vaccine shot at five months old, followed by revaccination every three years.   Daily Preventive Measures for Dog’s Health In addition to vaccination, taking daily preventive measures is crucial for maintaining your dog's health. Here are some common preventive measures:   Annual Health Check: Schedule regular veterinary health check to monitor your dog's overall health, including comprehensive physical examination, dental evaluation and general deworming. Regular Grooming: Regularly groom your dog's fur to remove shed hair and parasites. Clean Environment: Maintain a clean and hygienic living environment for your dog by regularly cleaning their living space and washing pet utilities.   Dog Vaccination FAQs Q1: Does vaccinating a dog guarantee immunity protection? A1: Dog vaccination significantly reduces the risk of diseases. Vaccines offer immunity protection for dogs, but there is still a very small chance of infection.   Q2: Are all dogs suitable for vaccination? A2: Most dogs are suitable for preventive vaccination. However, in some special circumstances (such as pregnancy or illness), the veterinarian will assess whether vaccination is appropriate based on the specific situation.   Q3: What are some common infectious diseases in dogs? A3: Common infectious diseases in dogs include rabies, canine pneumonia, infectious canine hepatitis, canine distemper, and canine viral enteritis. These diseases can pose significant health threats to dogs.

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Pet Desexing
12 December 2023
Desexing Your Pet
Pet desexing is an important topic that revolves around love and health. As pet owners, we often overlook one of the most basic aspects of pet care - getting our pets desexed. With the progress of society, it is crucial to have a clear understanding of the significance of desexing and the positive impact on pets.   Basic Concept of Pet Desexing Pet desexing involves surgically removing a portion or all of the reproductive organs. For female animals, this entails the removal of the uterus and ovaries, while for male animals, it involves the removal of the testicles. It is a routine surgery typically performed under general anesthesia, and pets usually recover quickly from the procedure.   Benefits of Desexing Your Pet First and foremost, desexing provides significant health benefits for pets. This procedure can greatly reduce the risk of prostate, testicular, uterine, and mammary gland diseases and cancers in cats and dogs. It is a preventive measure that enables pets to live longer and healthier lives.   Pet desexing also helps to effectively reduce the behavioral issue of urine marking in cats and dogs. This behavior not only troubles the owners but can also lead to household conflicts. Desexed pets are usually more docile and less prone to conflicts with other animals, further reducing aggression.   Unneutered male dogs that are kept indoors for long periods may redirect their energy towards furniture or even humans. Such behavior affects the relationship within the family and with the pet. Desexing can effectively reduce such undesirable behaviors, making the household more harmonious.   Unspayed female dogs will be on heat approximately twice a year, and during this time, they may attract attention and encounters. This not only causes inconvenience for pet owners but also increases the risk of accidental pregnancies. Desexing can prevent such situations and also helps prevent physical and behavioral changes caused by pseudopregnancy.     Will Pet Desex Lead to Weight Issues? Some people are concerned that desexing may increase the risk of obesity in pets. However, if pets receive a balanced diet and regular exercise, desex itself does not increase the risk of obesity. On the contrary, desex can reduce the risk of certain gender-related diseases, allowing pets to enjoy a healthier life.   How Much Does Pet Desexing Cost? The cost of pet desexing surgery varies depending on the type, size, and gender of the animal. However, compared to the care of related medical expenses, the cost of desexing is reasonable and cost-effective.   When is the Right Time to Get Cats and Dogs Desexed? Both cats and dogs can be desexed at around five to six months of age since they can start reproducing at this age. Early desex not only helps to control the pet population but also reduces the discomfort experienced by pets during their on heat cycles.   If you have any questions about pet desexing surgery, feel free to contact us for more detailed information and to schedule an appointment. Pet desexing is not only an expression of love for your furry companions but also a contribution to society and your family. Let us work together to promote the health of our pets.  

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