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Dog Skin #8
5 January 2024
An Overview of Skin Problem in Dogs
Is your dog constantly scratching, experiencing redness of the skin, and even emitting some unusual odors? These could be signs that your dog is suffering from a skin disease. Canine skin diseases are common health issues. Understanding the common symptoms, types, causes, prevention, treatment, and dietary recommendations for dog skin diseases can help protect the health of our furry friends. We will provide a detailed introduction to the relevant knowledge of dog skin diseases to help dog owners better understand how to prevent and manage this issue.   Common Symptoms of Dog Skin Diseases   Dogs with skin diseases often exhibit the following common symptoms: Itching: Dogs will continuously scratch the affected areas of their skin with their teeth and claws to alleviate itchiness. This may manifest as repetitive scratching or rubbing against the floor and furniture. Skin redness or inflammation: When the skin is affected by a disease, it may become red, inflamed, and sometimes the skin can break or bleed due to intense scratching, leading to ulcers. Hair loss: Areas of a dog's skin affected by a skin disease may experience hair loss, with the hair becoming thin or falling out in certain areas. Unusual odor: Skin diseases in dogs can cause the emission of an unusual odor, which may be caused by bacteria or fungi adhering to the skin.   Common Types of Dog Skin Diseases   There are several types of canine skin diseases, including interdigital dermatitis, atopic dermatitis (allergic dermatitis), and seborrheic dermatitis. Here is a brief overview of these common dog skin diseases:   Interdigital Dermatitis: Interdigital dermatitis refers to inflammation and infection between a dog's toes. This condition is typically characterized by redness, swelling, pain, and itching in the interdigital area. Dogs may constantly scratch or bite the affected areas, and in some cases, interdigital dermatitis may be accompanied by skin bleeding and odor. Atopic Dermatitis: Atopic dermatitis is an allergic skin disease commonly seen in dogs with specific allergies to certain substances or environmental factors. Symptoms include redness, itching and ulcer formation. Dogs may constantly bite and scratch the affected areas, especially the abdomen, paws, ears, and face. The skin may show red patches, rashes, and eczema, and there may be hair loss and an unusual odor. Seborrheic Dermatitis: Seborrheic dermatitis is a common skin disease often caused by excessive sebum production or bacterial infection. The dog's skin may become greasy, flaky, and emit an odor. Symptoms also include skin redness and itching. In some cases, the dog's skin may become greasy, dull, and prone to matting. Folliculitis: Folliculitis refers to the infection and inflammation of hair follicles. This condition is commonly seen in hairy areas of dogs such as the back, neck, and buttocks. Dogs with folliculitis may experience skin redness and pain. Folliculitis can also lead to hair loss, shedding, and skin infections.   Causes of Dog Skin Diseases   Dog skin diseases can have various causes. Here are some common causes:   Parasite Bites: Skin diseases in dogs can be caused by bites from external parasites such as fleas, lice, or mites. These parasites can cause skin redness, itching, and inflammatory reactions. Dogs may continuously scratch the affected areas, further damaging the skin and even causing infections. Bacterial/Fungal Infections: Bacterial or fungal infections are also common causes of dog skin diseases. These microorganisms can enter the dog's skin, causing infection and inflammation. Common infections include Staphylococcus, fungi, and yeast. Infections typically cause skin redness, itching and odor. Overcleaning: Overcleaning can also contribute to skin problems in dogs. When owners excessively use bathing products to clean their dogs' skin, it may disrupt the natural balance and protective barrier of the skin, leading to dryness, sensitivity, and increased susceptibility to bacterial infections. Allergic reactions: Dogs may experience allergic reactions to certain substances in their environment, such as pollen, dust mites, food, or household cleaners. These allergic reactions can cause symptoms such as skin redness, swelling, itching, and scratching. Prevention of Dog Skin Diseases   To prevent dog skin diseases, the following measures can be taken:   Parasite control: Regular use of parasite control products can effectively prevent bites and infections from external parasites such as fleas, ticks, and mites, protecting dogs from infestations for a certain period. Environmental cleanliness: Regularly clean your dog's bedding, toys, and surrounding environment to reduce the growth of bacteria, mold, and parasites. Ensure that the dog's living environment is dry, well-ventilated, and free from moisture and unsanitary conditions. Bathing: Bathing can help remove dirt, bacteria, and allergens from the dog's skin surface, reducing the risk of infection and allergies. When bathing your dog, choose appropriate bathing products specifically made for dogs and avoid excessive cleaning and the use of harsh chemicals. Additionally, regular brushing can help remove dead skin cells, dandruff, and mats, promoting good blood circulation and hair health.   If your dog shows symptoms of a skin disease, it is important to consult a veterinarian as soon as possible. The veterinarian will perform an examination, diagnose the cause, and develop an appropriate treatment plan.  


Post 10 - Signs of Illness in your pets -  30 Apr 2022
8 November 2023
Signs of Illness in Your Pets
Dogs and cats are excellent at pretending everything is fine, even when they are sick. The signs of illness are often very subtle, so you have to watch them closely. If you do notice anything abnormal, don’t rely on books or websites for a diagnosis. Contact your vet immediately.   Symptoms to watch for Diarrhea Repeated vomiting Refusal to eat over 24 hours Excessive thirst and urination Red or swollen gums Difficulty urinating - IF YOUR PET CANNOT URINATE, THAT IS AN EMERGENCY! Runny nose and eyes Itchy skin Progressive weight loss Tiredness
   Frequent veterinary appointments and close monitoring at home can help detect diseases in their earlier stages, when they are the most treatable. For enquiries or bookings, please do not hesitate to contact VEC at 2334-2334.


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