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How to take care older pets
25 June 2024
How to Take Care of Older Pets?
Here are more basic considerations when caring for older pets: Vaccinations: Your pet's vaccination needs may change with age. Talk to your veterinarian about a vaccination protocol that is appropriate for your geriatric pet. Mental health: Pets can show signs of senility.  Engaging them in interactive play helps keep their mental capacity sharp, just as in people.  Changes in behaviour, even subtle ones, can be a sign that your pet is experiencing cognitive dysfunction.  Make sure to discuss any concerns with your veterinarian.   Environmental Considerations: Older pets often need changes in their environment to help cope with changes in mobility.  For example, older cats may need to have their food bowls moved to the floor rather than the counter, and dogs may need to have their dog beds moved downstairs if they are having trouble climbing the stairs.    Dental Care: Dental health is a very important part of your pet’s overall health. Your pet’s teeth and gums should be checked at least once a year by your veterinarian to look for early signs of a problem and to keep your pet’s mouth healthy.   As your pet heads into their senior years, your relationship will continue to grow and mature.  With proper care and attention, your pet can have a good quality of life and enjoy sharing your life for more years.   If your pets are in an emergency or if you have general inquiries, please do not hesitate to contact Veterinary Emergency Centre (VEC).   General Hotline: 2334-2334 24-Hour Emergency Hotline: 6828-6620

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Parasite prevention for puppies
11 June 2024
Parasite Prevention for Puppies
There are many different parasites that can cause sickness in your puppy and it is important to start the prevention early. Common parasites include heartworm, intestinal worms and external dog parasites.   Heartworm prevention Heartworm disease is a serious disease that can cause severe lung disease and heart failure. The risk of puppies getting heartworm disease is equal to that of adult dogs. Puppies can be started on a heartworm preventive starting from 8 weeks of age. The dosage of a heartworm medication is based on body weight. There are different heartworm preventives that you can give to your puppy such as monthly chewable tablet, monthly spot-on product or a sustained-release injectable preventive that is available for dogs over 6 months of age. It is important to give heartworm prevention on time as a missed or late given medication can leave your puppy unprotected. Consult your veterinarian if a heartworm test is needed prior to starting heartworm prevention.   Intestinal parasites prevention Hookworms, tapeworms, roundworms and whipworms are the most common worms found in puppies. Worms can cause diarrhoea, anemia and weight loss. Puppies can be dewormed every 2 weeks until 3 months of age, starting at 2 weeks old. Then once a month from 3 to 6 months of age and repeat every 3 months after 6 months old for life.   Flea and tick prevention Fleas and ticks are very common in Hong Kong. They can cause a variety of conditions from skin disease, allergies and to severe anemias. It is important to use effective products that can control flea and tick infestation. Dogs that go to tick-infested areas are at higher risk. There are different products such as spray, spot-on and tick collar. Please consult your veterinarian for more information regarding which product is suitable for your pet.   If your pets are in an emergency or if you have general inquiries, please do not hesitate to contact Veterinary Emergency Centre (VEC).   General Hotline: 2334-2334 24-Hour Emergency Hotline: 6828-6620

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Dr. Holmes FB
28 May 2024
Foreign Body
Dogs and cats are known to eat objects not intended for ingestion. For example, socks, hair bands, toys and string. We call these "foreign bodies". When swallowed, a foreign body enters the stomach. It can stay here or it can start moving through the intestines where it may get stuck and cause an obstruction.    Symptoms:  You may have seen your pet ingest something but if you didn't there are symptoms to look out for. These include lip licking, drooling, vomiting, not eating, tummy pain and not passing faeces.    Diagnosis:  Examination: often there is pain in the tummy or sometimes an obstruction can be palpated.    X-rays: only certain objects such as stone or metal show up on x rays, some foreign bodies will not be seen on an x ray although there may be other clues such as the size and shape of the intestines which may indicate a blockage.    Ultrasound: this is also helpful and can show an obstruction in the intestines.    Treatment:  Induce vomiting: if the foreign body is still in the stomach and is small and soft, the pet can be made to vomit and hopefully bring the object back up. We can't do this in sharp or large objects in case it damages or gets stuck in the oesophagus (food pipe).    Endoscopic removal: this is performed under a general anaesthetic and is only for objects that are still in the stomach. A camera is placed into the stomach and an instrument used to pull out the foreign body. The shape and material of the foreign body may prevent a endoscopic removal being successful.    Surgery: this is performed under general anaesthetic and is for objects in the stomach that are unable to be removed endoscopically or objects that have already moved into the intestines. The abdomen is opened and the stomach or intestine is then opened to remove the object. If the object has been blocked in the intestine for some time, it can cause the guts to die around it, in these cases, some intestine may have to be removed.     How long will my pet need to stay in hospital?  The patient will be treated as a day patient if we can retrieve the foreign body by inducing vomiting or endoscope.    If surgery is required the pet will need to stay in hospital between 3-5 days.     ☎️ If your pets are in an emergency or if you have general inquiries, please do not hesitate to contact Veterinary Emergency Centre (VEC).  General Hotline: 2334-2334 24-Hour Emergency Hotline: 6828-6620 

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如何在家照顧心臟衰竭的寵物
14 May 2024
Home Care for Congested Heart Failure
Many owners will be worried and panic when they know their fluffy friends have congested heart failure (CHF).    Clinical signs of CHF include coughing, panting, breathing difficulty, weakness, or syncope....etc. It sounds terrible, right? But actually If we take care of the CHF animals properly, it could decrease the frequency of those terrified clinical signs recurring or deteriorating.    What should we do at home?    First, feeding medicines to CHF patients regularly. It’s important to know the CHF could be manageable although it is not curable. Feeding medicines on time could be a cornerstone to control CHF well. We sometimes see the owners not feeding medicines regularly, especially after a well-controlled period, because they usually get used to it and take it lightly. They may miss feeding meds once or twice initially, and then more often until they find the patients have difficulty breathing due to recurrent pulmonary edema or effusion.   Second, heart disease is a progressive disease which means clinical signs will recur even if controlling it with medications regularly. How could we know what’s going wrong with our patients? I will recommend a simple way to monitor it at home. And it is to count sleeping respiratory rate (SRR) at home. Owners could count respiratory rate by watching their animals’ chest. It moves in and out as the dogs and cats breathe. One breath is counted when the chest has moved in and out once. Normal sleeping respiratory rate should be less than 30-40 beats per minute. Be careful, it’s a “sleeping” respiratory rate and thus it should be counted when patients are asleep.    The respiratory rate will increase when patients are nervous, hot, or stressful, therefore, it would be inaccurate when the animals are awake. When you find your animals’ SRR has increased, the first thing to do is to count the breathing rate a few times over the next couple of hours to ensure it is a consistent finding. If the breathing rate is consistently increased, then you need to contact the vets or go to an emergency center as soon as possible.   Third, how about the water intake and which kind of food should I feed the CHF patients? The amount of water intake will not affect the severity of edema in CHF animals. Conversely, owner’s should offer enough water supply to CHF animals. The diuretics will increase the loading of kidney and the kidney parameters will sometimes elevate after long term treatments of diuretics.    The other annoying problem is a picky appetite (anorexia) for CHF patients. Anorexia will cause loss of energy and necessary protein, and wasting of muscle, finally result in cardiac cachexia.    Diet with high-digestible protein is good for CHF patients.   Finally, although CHF is not a curable disease, it could be manageable with the proper home care and regular rechecking with vets.    If the CHF could be controlled well, the life quality of ill animals will be the same as the healthy animals.   ☎️ If your pets are suspected or suffering from heart problems, please do not hesitate to contact Veterinary Emergency Centre (VEC) and book an appointment with Dr. David for further check-up.General Hotline: 2334-233424-Hour Emergency Hotline: 6828-6620

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Dr. Teagan junior cat vaccine
30 April 2024
Vaccinating Kittens: Protecting Our Fur-babies
When it comes to our adorable kittens, their health and well-being are top priorities. That's why the ideal age for their vaccinations is crucial - 8, 12, and 16 weeks old!   At 8 weeks, our furballs get their first set of vaccines, defending them against serious diseases like Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, and Panleukopenia (FVRCP). At 12 weeks, we reinforce that protection, and again at 16 weeks.   A little post-vaccine downtime is normal. You might notice your kitten feeling a bit tired, having a reduced appetite, or a tiny bit of swelling or tenderness at the injection site. These are good signs, though, showing that their immune systems are gearing up to protect them!   How do vaccines work, you ask? They introduce a safe form of the disease into your kitten's body, training their immune system to recognize and fight it. So, if they ever encounter the real deal, their body will be ready to tackle it head-on!   Remember, it's essential to consult with your vet to tailor a vaccination plan to your kitten's unique needs and the local disease risks.   Let's keep our kittens healthy, happy, and ready for a lifetime of cuddles!   ☎️If you would like to have more information about Kitten Wellness Plan or any general inquiries, please do not hesitate to contact Veterinary Emergency Centre (VEC).General Hotline: 2334-233424-Hour Emergency Hotline: 6828-6620

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Website Post-08
29 April 2024
FIP in Cats: Symptoms and Prevention
Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is a serious and potentially fatal disease in cats. It is caused by a mutation of the feline coronavirus. In the past, once cats contracted FIP, the chances of recovery were relatively low, but this has improved now. The following will help you understand the causes of FIP infection, symptoms, and prevention methods, so we can work together to protect the health of our cats.   What is Feline Infectious Peritonitis? How is it transmitted?   Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is an infectious disease caused by the feline coronavirus, which attacks the cat's white blood cells and severely damages its immune system.   The FIP virus is typically present in cat feces. Healthy cats in contact with contaminated feces are at risk of infection. This virus can spread more easily in multi-cat households, as cats often share toys, food bowls, and litter boxes. However, cats may not show symptoms immediately after infection, and the disease may lie dormant until their immune system is compromised, delaying treatment.   What are the symptoms of Feline Infectious Peritonitis?   FIP can be broadly divided into two types: "wet" and "dry."   Wet (effusive) form: Fluid accumulates in the abdominal or chest cavity, causing noticeable swelling in the abdomen or chest, and may also cause breathing difficulties and loss of appetite.   Dry (non-effusive) form: The virus forms granulomatous lesions within the body, affecting the kidneys, liver, intestines, and nervous system. Symptoms may include loss of appetite, severe vomiting, and seizures.   Here are some common symptoms of feline infectious peritonitis:   Fever Gastrointestinal issues Abdominal swelling Weight loss Loss of appetite Breathing difficulties Lethargy   How to Test for and Prevent Feline Infectious Peritonitis   In general, it is difficult to diagnose FIP solely based on symptoms. If you have any questions, owners should promptly take their cats to a veterinary clinic for further testing. Currently, veterinarians diagnose FIP by combining the cat's medical history, clinical symptoms, and various tests and analyses to reach an accurate diagnosis.   Prevention is better than cure. Given the high mortality rate of FIP, it is better to focus on disease prevention and maintain a clean and hygienic living environment for your cat.   Clean the environment Regularly clean and disinfect litter boxes, food and water bowls, and bedding, and promptly remove feces and urine to help reduce the survival of the virus in the environment.   Prevent contact with sources of infection Avoid contact between your cat and stray cats, which can reduce the risk of infection. If you have multiple cats at home, avoid sharing toys, food bowls, and litter boxes to reduce the risk of virus transmission.   Vaccination There are vaccines available for FIP, but their effectiveness is debated. Consult your veterinarian for advice before vaccination.   Additionally, owners should take their cats for regular check-ups to understand their physical condition and promptly identify any health issues. By combining preventive measures and regular check-ups, you can significantly reduce the risk of your beloved cat to suffer from FIP.

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Dr. David echo
23 April 2024
Using echocardiography in the diagnosis
Sound energy is a vibratory disturbance that moves forward in a wave through a substrate. Sound can travel well in air, solid and liquid mediums. If we yell in a valley, we will hear our voice comes back (echo) in a period. This is similar as how the work of an ultrasound machine. Body tissue just like air or other substrate will absorb some ultrasound energy. The ultrasound machine sends sound waves to a body, and different body tissue reflects different amount of the wave back to the machine, then the computer can calculate and generate the images.   The vets can diagnose the disease by these datas. Why we called the sound waves “ultrasound” is because they can’t be heard by human ears.   Echocardiography can help us to see the structure of a heart and also the beating of the heart. It’s a non-invasive diagnostic tool and useful to know how the condition and function of the heart in a real time. In the same time, we can use echocardiogram to measure the heart and check the direction and velocity of blood flow in a vessel. The trans-thoracic echocardiography also can detect any effusion or fluid inside the chest or lung. Echocardiogram shows vets what kind of the heart disease and how severe it is. In addition, it provides a quantitative data to help us to decide if the patient needs treatment and is also helpful for a periodical monitoring.   Echocardiography is a crucial test in the diagnosis of the heart disease, but it’s not the only one. We can not preform echocardiography in some circumstances, for example, a patient with severe pulmonary edema caused by congestive heart failure. This will not allow the patient lie down and keep still for about 10 minutes. Therefore, echocardiography will not be a priority choice. Vets should try to stabilize the patient and make a temporary diagnosis and treatment plan relied on physical exam, auscultation, or chest x-ray. Performing echocardiography until the condition of the patient becomes more stable is much safer.   Echocardiography has its limitation. Because it is a two-dimensional viewing but the structure of a heart is in a three-dimensional world. Alternatively, we may miss something wrong in a particular view sometimes. In addition, finding a problem of the heart should rely on the result of different tests, like auscultation, physical examination, x-ray, ECG, and echocardiogram … etc.   Fasting is not necessary for the animals who will need echocardiography except they need to be sedated as the excitement or aggression.   ☎️ If your pets are in an emergency or if you have general inquiries, please do not hesitate to contact Veterinary Emergency Centre (VEC).General Hotline: 2334-233424-Hour Emergency Hotline: 6828-6620

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Dr. Beatrice dental
16 April 2024
Dental Disease in Cats
Not all dental disease in cats is visible.   As well as bad breath, plaque, and tartar, TOOTH RESORPTION is a condition which we commonly detect in cats.   70% of cats over 5 years old have 1 or more RESORPTIVE LESIONS.   This is a condition where the tooth erodes and resorbs, exposing the sensitive nerves in the centre of the tooth, which leads to chronic pain. Often we diagnose this condition in cats who had no external symptoms at home, because cats are so good at hiding their pain. In the advanced stages, dental disease can lead to changes in behaviour and loss of appetite.   Recently my own 6-year-old cat had a dental with 4 extractions due to tooth resorption. He recovered well from the procedure and is now happier eating his wet and dry food pain-free.   At VEC we have dental X-rays to accurately detect early resorption.   ☎️ If you would like to know more about Wellness Plan or if you have general inquiries, please do not hesitate to contact Veterinary Emergency Centre (VEC).General Hotline: 2334-233424-Hour Emergency Hotline: 6828-6620

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Dr. David oxygen cage
9 April 2024
Oxygen Therapy in the Animals
Would all animals with heart disease have coughing, panting, or even breathing difficulty? I will say it depends on what kind of heart disease and how severe it is. First of all, we should understand heart disease is not equal to the congested heart failure. Heart disease means some problem happens in a heart but it maybe or maybe not severe to cause congested heart failure.   Congested heart failure results in the retention of overfull fluid inside the body (especially in the lung and chest), and this causes patients becoming rapid and difficult breathing. Oxygen therapy is a treatment to provide patients with extra oxygen to breathe in, and It is used to stabilize the dyspneic animals.   There are many different methods to provide oxygen therapy. Flow-by oxygen and oxygen facemask are usually used when vets need to do some short-procedure (ie, placing IV catheter) and physical exam with a patient who has respiratory distress. They are less stressful to animals but not suitable for longer term usage (ie, hospitalization or home use).   Oxygen cage is an another efficient and convenient method of supplementing oxygen to small animal patients.   However, control of temperature, humidification, and ventilation is of paramount importance. More sophisticated and expensive models enable climate control and even have soda lime systems in place to prevent rebreathing of carbon dioxide.   An advantage of oxygen cages is the physical separation of the patient. This can be helpful in animals for which handling could worsen anxiety and respiratory distress. The disadvantage of this approach is that vets cannot check patients too often. The oxygen concentration would drop very rapidly when the cage door is opened. This also limits the usefulness of this approach when frequent patient reassessment would be ideal.   For larger dogs, oxygen cages may be too confining to be comfortable. The placement of nasal oxygen lines could be more convenient.   Oxygen therapy is important in stabilizing animals with respiratory distress. But could sole oxygen therapy treat or even cure all heart disease? The answer is no and it depends on different condition.   For example, the dyspneic animal with pulmonary edema, providing pure oxygen is not enough. In this circumstance, the effect of diuretics is better than oxygen therapy. Removing overmuch fluid in the lungs by diuretics is more important than just supplementing pure oxygen.   The other scenario is animal with breathing difficulty and pulmonary edema due to pulmonary hypertension. Oxygen therapy is much better and important for these animal patients and sometimes lowering the pulmonary hypertension by oxygen could also decrease the severity of pulmonary edema which was caused by pulmonary hypertension.   ☎️ If your pets are in an emergency or if you have general inquiries, please do not hesitate to contact Veterinary Emergency Centre (VEC).General Hotline: 2334-233424-Hour Emergency Hotline: 6828-6620

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